Energy Losses in Bend and Fitting
Circuit with four bends of different radii
Enlargement, contraction and gate valve, plus control valve
Manometer board with 12 tubes plus differential pressure gauge
Hand pump for pressurization of manometers
Quick release fitting for easy connection to hydraulics bench
Educational Software available as an option
The equipment is mounted on a free-standing framework which supports the test pipework and instrumentation.
The following typical pipe fittings are incorporated for study: mitre bend, 90° elbow, sweep bends (large and small radius), sudden contraction and sudden enlargement.
All are instrumented with upstream and downstream pressure tappings.
These tappings are connected to a bank of twelve water manometer tubes, mounted on the framework. Pressurisation of the manometers is facilititated by a hand pump.
A gate valve is used to control the flow rate. A separate gate valve is instrumented with upstream and downstream pressure tappings which are connected to a differential gauge on the edge of the framework.
Pipe diameter: 19.48mm
Differential pressure gauge: 0 to 3 bar
Enlargement diameter: 26.2mm
Contraction diameter: 19.48mm
Fittings: -45° mitre
Manometer range: 0 to 440mm
Number of manometer tubes: 12
Differential manometers: 6